Monday, November 20, 2017

The Dutch Maritime Cluster Monitor 2016-17

March 9, 2017 by  
Filed under Editorials, Top Stories


The Netherlands is a maritime nation. This fact is proven by the numbers recently released by Maritime by Holland, the organisation that promotes and strengthens the maritime sector in the Netherlands.

The maritime cluster generates 3.5 per cent of the total gross domestic product (GDP) of the Netherlands, the same as in 2014.

In 2015, there was a slight decrease of maritime jobs in comparison to the year before. Total exports of the maritime cluster amounted to EUR 24.4 billion in 2015. This means the cluster has a share of 4.4 per cent of total Dutch exports of goods and services.

In 2015, the direct and indirect production value of the maritime sector was almost EUR 55 billion. The total value added amounted to around EUR 24 billion, including EUR 5 billion indirect value added. The sector provided employment for around 265,000 people, which is 3 per cent of total employment in the Netherlands. This number is lower than in 2014, when it was 3.1 per cent. Of these jobs, 165,000 were direct employment. Total employment (direct plus indirect) in the Dutch maritime cluster decreased in 2015 by 0.5 per cent (1,200 persons) compared to 2014 employment figures.

Maritime cluster

The Netherlands has a world class maritime sector

In 2015, with regard to employment, the maritime cluster performed not as well compared to the Dutch economy as a whole, where employment increased by 1 per cent, compared to a 0.5 per cent decrease in direct plus indirect employment for the maritime cluster. On the other hand, the increase in Dutch GDP (plus 2 per cent) was smaller compared to the increase in value added (direct plus indirect) of the maritime cluster (plus 3.9 per cent).

Fishing, shipping, the navy and shipbuilding generated a (direct) value added in 2015, which was below the level of 2006. For the shipping sector, this is caused by low tariffs resulting from overcapacity in the sector. The fishing sector suffers from lower fish catches. In the shipbuilding industry, the lower value added results from a lower employment number. The added value of the navy has declined due to a cutback in expenses.

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